How Many Types of Metal Fabrication Are There?
Metal fabrication involves starting with metal that is in raw material form and transforming it into a useful component that is assembled into a finished product. That assembly often happens using an assembly line. Many types of metal fabrication exist, and the seven most typical types are the following.
1. Cutting: As the name implies, this involves cutting metal with equipment such as a saw, plasma torch, water jet or laser.
2. Machining: With this type of metal fabrication, the person working with the metal removes it from an item of material. The person could use a lathe or another machine to do this task.
3. Punching: The name of this process also provides a clue as to what it is. It involves creating a hole of a specific size and shape in a piece of metal.
4. Folding: Not just paper or fabric can be folded. Metal can also be folded when it is necessary to have parts in that configuration. Folding is typically done with a press brake.
5. Stamping: This process is somewhat akin to the punching type of metal fabrication, but in the case of stamping, no cutting of the metal is involved. The metal is shaped so that parts of it are raised.
6. Welding: Many people have heard of this type of metal fabrication, which involves placing two pieces of metal together. Although welding is one concept, there are numerous subtypes of welding.
7. Shearing: Anyone who has worked in an office or art shop is familiar with a paper cutter that makes a lengthy cut in a piece of paper. Shearing works in a similar way, except that instead of paper being cut, metal is cut using shearing.
Many more types of metal fabrication exist that are not quite as typically used as the ones discussed here. The field of metal fabrication is also rather dynamic, with new processes coming about at times.